Bedřich Smetana, part three

We ended last time with a difficult number of years in Bedřich’s life.  Three of his four daughters died between 1854 and 1856, and Kateřina had been diagnosed with tuberculosis.  Professionally things were good but Bedřich was unhappy with how his career was progressing (or rather not progressing) in Prague.

In the fall of 1856, Bedřich decided to relocate to Sweden and he set out on his own for Gothenburg.  In the summer of 1857, he returned to Prague where Kateřina was very unwell.  That summer Bedřich’s father passed away. Bedřich returned to Gothenburg in the fall, this time with Kateřina and their daughter Žofie.

Kateřina’s health continued to worsen and in early 1859 she passed away while travelling back to Prague. Bedřich left Žofie in the care of his mother-in-law and spent time with Lizst in Weimer and then with his brother Karel. While visiting Karel, Bedřich met Barbora (Bettina) Ferdinandiová, Karel’s sister-in-law. He fell in love, proposed, and returned to Gothenburg an engaged man.  Bedřich and Bettina married in the summer of 1860.

Bettina was 16 years younger than Bedřich.  And in the fall of 1861, Bedřich became a father again to another daughter, Zdeňka.  While Bedřich and Bettina had returned to Gothenburg after their marriage, things had been changing in Prague.  In 1861, Bedřich decided to return to Prague.  Before returning, he once again tried to tour and establish his reputation as a pianist. And once again was unsuccessful.

Next week we will look at Bedřich’s final years in Prague.

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